How to Plant Violets in Pots Violets are readily available in most garden stores, but it’s easy to start violet seeds indoors about 10 to 12 weeks before the last expected frost in your area. Mulch and water will help offset the stress of high temperature. In the Viola genus, there are three main groups of flowers: violets, violas, and pansies. Keep in mind that it's easier to grow plants in large containers than small ones. In this article, I’ll show you how! Sun: Violas like full sun, but not the heat it brings. Violas and pansies are suitable for a wide variety of garden situations, such as front of the border, bedding, edging and containers. These blooms love cool temperatures, so in cooler regions, sow seeds indoors eight to twelve weeks before your average last frost date. He has designed and advised on gardens of all sizes and was responsible for the Hillier Gold Medal winning exhibit at the Royal Horticultural Society’s Chelsea Flower for 25 years. A container of just about any size is suitable for your violas, so long as it’s a minimum of four inches deep. We promise we won’t pass your details on to anyone else. I decided to sow my seeds in seed trays, but you can also direct-sow your seeds into the container you’re planning to use if it’s small enough to be indoors. Pansy & Viola. Care for violas correctly. If you have kids and dogs running around the yard all the time like I do, this is a huge plus. Next, fill your container with the soil mix. And if you are looking for more information about growing a container garden, check out these guides next: Photos by Laura Melchor © Ask the Experts, LLC. Fill the chosen pots with quality potting mix, such as Yates Potting Mix with Dynamic Lifter. https://www.learningwithexperts.com/gardening/blog/how-to-grow-violas Another thing that keeps your flowers fresh in midsummer is to deadhead them whenever you see fading blooms. Fertilize with a flower fertilizer high in phosphorus, like this one from Arbico Organics, every three to four weeks to keep the flowers happy. ; Plant directly into the pot by pressing the seeds lightly into the surface of the pot. While I have yet to add window boxes to my house, I love all the ways you can adorn your home with flowers. If growing in pots make sure they are deep pots. Pansies as a Houseplant. Andy McIndoe is our Chief Blogger, and teaches five courses on the site. Featuring small flowers, they are perfect to grow in pots and garden containers. Position in full sun with protected from the afternoon sun. By the time early spring arrives, they’ll look something like this: It won’t be long before buds begin to form, and blooms will open just as the world is turning green and fragrant with the scents of spring. And don’t forget the fertilizer! All violas need to grow in consistently moist soil, and it is especially important to monitor moisture in containers. Use a bulb fertilizer. Viola plant (lat. This isn’t a problem in cool spring temperatures , but when planting in the fall, make sure they get some shade during the hottest part of the afternoon. What garden can afford to be without them? If you’d like, you can wait to transplant until the seedlings have two or three sets of true leaves. I have one last piece of advice about planting violas. Now is the time to start getting your fall containers planted and below are some helpful tips for successful growing choosing the right type of plants, pots, potting mix, fertilizer and more! If you’re growing them indoors with a grow light, keep the light about two to three inches away from the plant, adjusting as it grows. You see pansies (Viola x wittrockiana) in garden centers everywhere because they are easy to grow, come in a wide range of colors and can grow both indoors and out. As for pests, aphids, spider mites, and slugs and snails can all munch on your flowers and foliage. For more information check out Jack and Laura’s website http://www.boutsviolas.co.uk/, Follow Wildegoose Nurseries on twitter: @wgviolas, ... Read moreAndy McIndoe is our Chief Blogger, and teaches five courses on the site. You can either sow them in seedling trays, as I did, or directly into their permanent pots. One is planted by itself in a four-inch by four-inch pot. Even better, the containers keep the delicate blooms up off the ground. I thinned them with sharp scissors so that I was left with only one tiny seedling in each cell. There are as many uses for basil as there are types. Viola) belongs to the genus in the family of Violaceae, the representatives of which grow mainly in mountainous areas and places with a moderate climate of the Northern Hemisphere and number from four to seven hundred species according to various sources. Provide 1 inch of water weekly, adjusted according to rainfall. How To Grow Pansies (Viola × wittrockiana) The pansy flower produces a nearly heart-shaped bloom, slightly overlapping petals and a face-like framed center with loud, bright colors that has won a spot in many gardens around the world due to its versatile beauty and wide range of … At the start of your driveway. Water violas well until plants are established. The other five are in a 24-inch window box, that’s four inches deep. Do not let violas dry out; they … If the roots get a little dry, flower production will turn off. To keep the plants cool and moist, add an inch of organic mulch to the pot, making sure to leave the area around the stems clear so that they don’t rot. Violet’s flowers can be purple, blue, white, red, pink, orange, and yellow, all of which look charming in clumps at the front of a garden bed. Apply a fungicide and avoid watering violas from above and leaving them out for too long in damp weather. Violets are usually wildflowers, pansies are mostly cultivated varieties, and violas can be both. Pansies and Violas are perfect for planting in containers of all types, hanging baskets, window boxes, patio tubs. The emphasis is on foliage to provide colour and texture.WW... Read more. How to Plant Pansies in Pots. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Back when I was 19, I traveled through Europe for the first time. If slugs and snails are making their way into your pots, sprinkle diatomaceous earth around your plants to keep the slimy mollusks away. Pansies and violas are a classic way to brighten up your home in the winter months. Most violets thrive in USDA Hardiness Zones 3-9, but always check the seed packet to be sure of the variety you are planting. A white powdery substance on the foliage signals the presence of powdery mildew. Next year’s young shoots will emerge from the base of the plant. Pansies tolerate less spacing in containers, such as pots or hanging baskets. Autumn pots and containers are a great way to use new plants that you can use to plant in your garden afterwards. Violet seeds are tiny, delicate things. Mine came in a tissue paper packet inside a larger, resealable plastic baggie. … Back deck. In fact, anywhere in the garden where there is enough room. Plus, these pansies are hardy to Zones 4-10, so gardeners almost everywhere can enjoy their color this spring and summer, and even into the fall and winter for those in balmy climes. The emphasis is on foliage to provide colour and texture. I should only have transplanted four of my seedlings into it, but at the last minute my three-year-old plunked an extra seedling into the container and I couldn’t bring myself to remove it. Product photos via Arbico Organics, Burpee, Eden Brothers, and True Leaf Market. I filled my favorite seed cells with some potting mix from Burpee. To choose the right pot, provide the right conditions, and make sure your pansies grow to their fullest, start with Step 1 below. Plant corms 1.5 inches deep in their plant containers. Although many people call them bulbs, crocuses actually have corms. Pansies have heart-shaped, overlapping petals and one of the widest ranges of bright, pretty colors and patterns. How to Harvest and Use Stinging Nettle Root, Tasty Turf: Tips for Using Culinary Herbs as Ground Cover, How to Grow Irises for Fragrance and Color, Keeping Basil When It Gets Chilly: Fall and Winter Growing Tips, How to Plant and Grow Arugula: Make your Greens Shoot Up Like a Rocket, The 5 Best Shrubs for Hedges High and Low, How to Identify and Prevent Southern Blight on Apple Trees, 35 of the Best Strawberry Varieties for Home Gardeners. This ‘Swiss Giant’ (V. x wittrockiana) mix comes in yellow, pink, red, purple, blue, and white. Planting violets in containers allows you to cater to the pretty flowers’ needs without too much headache. Those of you in warmer climates can move your containers to dappled shade to keep the flowers happy in hot weather. Best grown in a cool position in partial shade, although they will take full sun if kept moist. Blooms will fill your containers with color and your heart with joy. Although pansies and violas bloom best with full sun, they will perform well with morning sun and afternoon shade. Then, I set them in the window with its warm, sunny light. Plant pansies and violas into well-prepared beds that are sunny to partly shady. In addition, violas often need to be moved to a shady location when summertime temperatures rise above 70°F. Let us know in the comments below, and feel free to share a photo! For an explantation of the differences between the three – and a huge list of all the cultivars and varieties you can plant – check out our article where we discuss the different violet varieties. It is a small plant that is one of the genetic parents of pansies. They don’t appreciate a hot sun beaming down on them for more than four or five hours a day. For the best landscape performance and display, always plant violas … For a fun mix of compact, prolific blooms in purple, violet, lavender, and yellow try the beautiful Pansy Mix, V. cornuta. One thing I absolutely love about Alaska (well, I love just about everything about living here) is that from March onwards, our days get extra long. If the soil pH is too high – above 6.2 – violas can show signs of black root rot, a fungal disease caused by Thielaviopsis basicola, where the foliage turns yellow and stops growing. Growing the flowers in pots also allows you to lengthen the growing season a little, since you can bring them indoors if it starts getting too cold or hot. Container Sizes. Add a layer of organic mulch to help keep the roots cool and moist in hot locations. About a week after that, the first set of true leaves emerged. You can store bulbs and use the plant container for another planting before replanting the corms in the fall. Winter maintenance. Slightly smaller blooms than the ‘Swiss Giant’ series but no less stunning, containers full of these flowers would look lovely against a tan, gray, yellow, or white house. You can use anything from clay to plastic. You can put basil in bouquets, tisanes, soups, and almost any fish dish. A container or two of these early spring bloomers in your front walkway can be a sweet reminder of hope and new life to anyone who drives or walks by. Violets thrive in an organically-rich, well-draining soil. Started from scratch fifteen years ago, the garden is naturalistic in style, with an extensive wildflower meadow and informal planting. You can fill a flower bed with pansies and violas for a beautiful show of colors, from purple to orange to white and beyond. On your front porch. Plants grow about 8 inches tall and have 2- to 3-inch flowers that can be single-colored or patterned. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. Andy has over thirty years experience as a practical horticulturist and consultant. A keen gardener Andy and his wife Ros have a two acre garden in Hampshire, U.K. that is open to groups by appointment. You’ll enjoy blooms well into the winter and early spring. The flowers like to have some elbow room, so planting one for every six to eight inches of container space is a good rule of thumb. Check for pests and diseases from time to time and treat accordingly. STEP 3. All our stock pots are made up of 3 plants potted up into one 10 litre pot, that is approximately 30 cm wide and deep. The reason to grow buckets of basil is classic pesto, which freezes well in small jars, or ice cube trays. Just about any viola variety works well in a container, but here are two fun mixes to plant in a pot for a pop of color. After covering them with the humidity-retaining lids that come with the seed trays I use, I watched and waited. I like to use the bigger plants. All Natural Rose and Flower Mix Fertilizer. Remember to plant them six to eight inches apart and to prepare your container as described above. Fertilize with a high-phosphorus flower fertilizer every 3-4 weeks. Get updates from our experts in your inbox. These 3- to 4-inch annual pansies will shine in a front-porch pot or window box. COPYRIGHT © 2020 ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. Make sure the container drains, and that you water it regularly. We occasionally link to goods offered by vendors to help the reader find relevant products. Planting Pansies & Violas in Containers. All three are part of the Violaceae family, and are showstoppers in their own right. Violas need six to eight hours of sun – or grow light attention – every day. All violas need to grow in consistently moist soil, and it is especially important to monitor moisture in containers. Cool-weather annuals, pansies and violas, charm up winter beds and containers with endless colorful combos to mix and match. If you want to grow them indoors, you'll need artificial lighting and a cool room. They are simple to grow and make a good choice for containers, particularly in the cooler parts of the year. Soil: Violas grow best in rich, moist, well-drained soil with plenty of organic matter. To retrieve corms from a previous planting, dig them up and separate them before replanting. If it looks dry, give them some water. If the roots get a little dry, flower production will turn off. After a rainstorm, leave off watering for about a week so as not to bog the violets down in too much moisture. Then I gently tamped the soil back down over the seeds, as they don’t need light to germinate. The soil in the pot will dry out much more quickly than the soil in a flower bed. Garden soil amended with compost or well-rotted manure. Have you tried growing violets in containers? Make sure you plant in slightly acidic soil to avoid this issue, and apply fungicide to affected plants. This is the most popular of the violas, with dozens of different cultivars available. A couple days later – with my preschooler’s help – I transplanted the seedlings to their permanent residence: the window box. Here is more about what we do. I watered them gently with a spray bottle so as not to displace them. Water: Water regularly, but allow to dry out between waterings. Growing the flowers in pots also allows you to lengthen the growing season a little, since you can bring them indoors if it starts getting too cold or hot. A week later, the seeds had germinated. He has designed and advised on gardens of all sizes and was responsible for the Hillier Gold Medal winning exhibit at the Royal Horticultural Society’s Chelsea Flower for 25 years. Special interests include hardy shrubs, trees, herbaceous perennials, flower bulbs, wildlife and garden design; he has authored books on all of these subjects. They like full to partial sun. Just make sure that the pot you choose has drainage holes. GARDENER'S PATH® IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. Pansies and violas. It works well in pots and baskets. And without worrying that they’ll get trampled. Some of these links may be affiliate in nature, meaning we earn small commissions if items are purchased. All you need to do is make sure they get an inch of water every week. Viola ‘Bowles Black’ – with velvety black flowers and yellow centres, this is a good ground cover plant and works well in containers and at the front of borders; Viola odorata – an old-fashioned perennial with tiny, strongly scented flowers and semi-evergreen foliage.With a spreading habit, it’s suitable for growing as ground cover under shrubs or in a woodland garden If it feels moist, there’s no need to water. While violets tend to stay pretty healthy, they can fall prey to a few different pests and disease. by Matt Gibson. Started from scratch fifteen years ago, the garden is naturalistic in style, with an extensive wildflower meadow and informal planting. Plant in early autumn or early spring, depending when flowers are required. For spring blooms, you need to start your Viola in pots and containers indoors six to eight weeks before the last frost. Choosing A Container. Growing snapdragons in pots isn’t difficult, especially if you have grown them previously in beds. Along the sidewalks. Imagine how many gorgeous annual blooms you can fill your containers with! Check the soil moisture by poking your finger about two inches into the dirt, making sure not to disturb the root system. Still, the recommendation stands: if you plant your violets every six to eight inches, they’ll enjoy plenty of space to mound and bloom. Growing violets in containers next to your front porch steps is one such way to please the eye of anyone walking by. This spring, I’m growing ‘Lilac Ice,’ a V. cornuta cultivar that you can find at True Leaf Market. They are typically lower growing than pansies, with smaller, more abundant flowers. Who am I to quench his budding love for gardening? Use a slow-release fertilizer into the soil if planting in a container. Around your garden. Alternatively, applying neem oil, like this one, also from Arbico Organics, can help keep the pests away once you spot them chowing down on your violets. And they’re all a mix of annuals and perennials, so make sure you check before planting. The hardy Cyclamen hederefolium is a good example. Special interests include hardy shrubs, trees, herbaceous perennials, flower bulbs, wildlife and garden design; he has authored books on all of these subjects. Planting and Growing Violas & Pansies. Select smaller flowering plants for pots, such as ‘Jet Fire’ and ‘Tete 'e Tete.’ Then, echo their warm hues with orange and yellow pansies and violas as well as ‘Yellow Ripple’ English Ivy and Golden Sweet Flag. I remember being struck by the beauty of the houses in the Austrian countryside: mountains rising behind dark log-wood houses adorned with window boxes filled with violets. Alternatively, plant one on its own in a small, four-inch pot. Viola can be directly seeded into your flower garden or seeded indoors for transplanting later. Plant Propagation: Violas are grown from seeds. To achieve this, fill your pots with either: If you’re using garden soil, it’s prudent to check the pH level of the soil as violets prefer a slightly acidic pH of between 5.4-5.8. It’s easy to grow violets in containers from seed. Planting pansies in pots requires you to always remember the hole in the bottom of the pot. Violas are remarkably versatile plants and suit a range of garden situations. Perfect in herbaceous borders or shrub borders which are lacking a bit of winter colour. For those of you living in warmer climates, you can also direct sow violet seeds outdoors in containers in late fall, or as soon as temperatures consistently drop below 70°F. Which is perfect for gardeners. Common geraniums, angelica, tansy, and Queen Anne’s lace are all good choices. These flowers are extra easy to care for once they’re happily tucked into their permanent containers. Choose a pot at least 200 mm wide and deep. See our TOS for more details. Really, it’s all about preference. Add daffodil bulbs to your containers when you are planting your pots in the fall. You might be dealing with downy mildew. Violas gave birth to pansies; pansies were developed from violas by plant breeders more than two hundred years ago. Violas like cooler temperatures of between 40 and 70°F, so if you live in a warm climate, using a light-colored container is a smart idea. Look out for trays of pansies, violas, outdoor cyclamen and primroses at the garden centre, and plant them on their own, or combined with evergreens such as skimmia. That’s what I love about growing flowers in containers: you can put them everywhere. They prefer full sun, but with a container you can move them around to catch the light. Part of the series: Grow Guru. This is not a good thing. A keen gardener Andy and his wife Ros have a two acre garden in Hampshire, U.K. that is open to groups by appointment. If you are working with a large, tall pot, and are planting it with smaller growing plants, you can place a pot upside-down in your container to conserve on soil. Their cultural requirements are virtually identical. The violas we grow can be loosely grouped into Viola cornutas and Viola hybrids. As a freelance writer, she contributes to several websites and blogs across the web. Start hardening the seedlings off once temperatures are reliably above 40°F outdoors by placing the containers in a sheltered location for four hours a day, and then five hours, and so on until they’re outside full-time. When planting after February (late in the cool season), choose the larger plants in 4-inch pots for best results. This is easy to do, since you’re growing them in containers. She’s especially proud of the flowerbeds she and her three-year-old son built with rocks dug up from their little Alaska homestead. If growing in containers, hold back on overwatering and use as an understory to taller plants to give them a little shade during the summer heat. How to grow violas in a pot. Does the foliage suddenly have yellow or purple blotches? If mulch gets too close to the stem, they can develop crown rot, characterized by white fungus growing at the base of the plant. The dark blotches in the center of the petals provide a contrast for the lighter edges. Both like cool weather and most often stop producing blossoms when hot summer weather arrives. Laura Melchor grew up helping her mom in the garden in Montana, and as an adult she’s brought her cold-weather gardening skills with her to her home in Alaska. That way, the material won’t absorb the heat of the sun and cause the roots to overheat. This can help keep them producing well into the fall. Following this advice you should have a glorious show of flowers and scent from mid spring to late summer, for your pots, or your borders, or even decorating your salad bowl. Most varieties produce flowers within three months and will continue to bloom for twelve weeks in favorable conditions. A regular contributor to magazines, newspapers and BBC Radio, Andy lectures widely at home and abroad. It also dries and freezes well so you can have the herb to use all winter long. In addition, violas often need to be moved to a shady location when summertime temperatures rise above 70°F. Laura also writes novels and holds an MFA in writing from Vermont College of Fine Arts. You’ll need to yank infected plants so that the rot doesn’t spread, as it will kill the plant. You can space plants more closely that you would in spring or summer, as they won’t grow much during winter. After a season of flowering their socks off put your violas to bed for the winter by once again shearing across the top in late September and leaving a couple of inches growth as protection. Spray the flowers once a week to once every two weeks for best results. We find the plants knit together well and make a … Viola tricolor is more commonly known as Johnny-Jump-Up. Since the seeds are so small, you’ll only need to create a 1/2-inch divot in the potting mix. Ready to learn how to sow these beauties? Chances are, if you're reading this article, Fall is here, or near! To discourage them from ruining your container garden, plant ladybug-attracting flowers in the same, or adjacent containers. Some violets will grace you with their perennial presence year after year, while others (mostly pansies) die after one year. There is nothing lonelier than a viola planted by itself in a big flower bed. The pot plants are bigger and a little more expensive, but you’ll get more instant effect. Watering: Violas prefer well-drained soil, and can develop root rot or leaves can mold if grown in standing water or in overly tight conditions. An affordable splash of ongoing color until hot weather, tuck them around dormant perennials or fill containers with … Andy has over thirty years experience as a practical horticulturist and consultant. Let’s get started. You can fill your pot with bountiful blooms with seeds in a variety of packet sizes available at Eden Brothers. By summertime, as most people know, the sun never completely sets. You can also purchase live ladybugs from Arbico Organics to keep aphids in check. Violets are relatively slow to germinate. A regular contributor to magazines, newspapers and BBC Radio, Andy lectures widely at home and abroad. Pots of winter bedding will bring cheer to your garden during the coldest months, and they’re easy to create. With more than 500 varieties of Viola (which includes the large-flowered pansy that goes by the name V. wittrockiana), you can find one to match any color palette. But growing them in a container allows you to move them around as needed and place them in areas all around your house. Many violas form a trailing habit and look fabulous in a hanging basket, patio pot or window box. As annual seedlings, they’re are adaptable and can handle sunny or partly shaded conditions. First things first! Get FREE Gardening tips and ideas from our experts in your inbox. And if you are using a deeper pot, fill the bottom inch of your container with gravel or pebbles to allow the moisture to drain away from the roots. Sow seeds 8-12 weeks before your average last frost date for a spring planting or in late summer for a fall planting. I dropped two seeds into each hole. Be sure to plant violas in full sun and before the “real” cold weather sets in. Pansies are handy garden plants that can provide color to your garden when other plants aren’t flowering. One day, I will build window boxes on my house so that it can look like those gorgeous Austrian homes in the mountains. You can find a 1/4 ounce package containing 9,900 seeds available at True Leaf Market.
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